Canada, 1 in 5200; and in the U.S., 1 in 6856.155 According to a French survey, one in ten members of the

State’s inhabitants have tried nudism at least once, and an equal number are ready to give it a try.156
109. Naturist vacations are a significant part of the tourist trade in several nations.
As of 1983, about 2 million individuals vacationed at French Naturist clubs and resorts each year.157 Before its
Crushing fragmentation and civil war, more than one hundred thousand tourists visited Yugoslavian nudist camps
and resorts every summer.158 According to the president of the Naturism and Camping Section of Yugoslav
Tourism, Naturist holidays in 1984 accounted for 25% of the foreign tourism income.159 And while American
travel booklets make virtually no mention at all of nude or topfree beaches in other nations–essentially lying to
vacationers–foreign travel agencies offer opulent, uncensored brochures, and openly advertise and market Naturist
110. Nudity is significantly more common in foreign media.
For instance, one of Brazil’s most popular T.V. shows, “Pantanal,” has featured regular nudity; a survey
conducted by the neighborhood newspaper found that 83% of viewers were “cozy” with the nude scenes. A University
of Sao Paulo survey in June 1990 counted 1,145 dis plays of nudity in one week of television.161
111. Public nudity, including clothing-optional recreation, loves growing in North America.
A 1983 Gallup poll revealed that 72% of Americans do not think designated clothing-optional beaches
should be against the law, and 39% agreed that such spaces should be set aside by the authorities. One third said
they may try going to one. Fourteen percent said they had already tried coed nude diversion.162 A 1985 Roper Survey
agreed, reporting that 18% of all Americans–including 27% of those age 18-28, and 24% of school-educated
Americans–had already gone swimming in the nude with a group that included members of the other gender; other
studies indicate these amounts are on the increase.163 A Psychology Today study found that 28% of couples under
the age of 35 swim in the nude collectively, 24% of couples age 35-49, and 9% of couples 50 or older, and that such
activities tended to correspond to a higher level of satisfaction in the union.164 A 1990 Martini and Rossi poll
reported that 35% of Americans would “bare it all” on a nude beach.165 A 1986 poll conducted by People Weekly
asked folks how guilty they’d feel when they participated in any of 51 tasks, rating their likely guilt on a scale

of 1 to 10, where 10 represented the greatest feeling of remorse. Nude sunbathing came in second to last with a evaluation of
2.76, behind not voting ( nudism boy ), swearing (3.34), smoking (3.38), and overeating (4.43).166
In 1991, visitation at Wreck Beach, British Columbia on a nice day was estimated at 15,000, and 90,000
beach users were recorded in one month on a single accessibility trail.167 A survey conducted by West Region Park Staff
revealed that half of these visitors go bare. When that alternative was endangered in 1991, more than 10,000 people sent
letters or signed petitions to secure the beach’s clothing-optional status.168
Given the opportunity and permit to do this, women do take advantage of the choice of going topfree.
During the 1984 Olympics in L.A., Authorities determined not to detain European women who went topfree on local
Seashores. American wo men, noting the double standard, took their tops off too, and feigned inability to comprehend
English when told to cover up. Authorities called it “taking great advantage of the comfortable rule,” 169 though it should more
accurately be considered “taking advantage of a more civilized custom.”
112. Membership in nudist organizations is growing rapidly.
Membership in the American Association for Nude Recreation, for example, topped 40,000 in 1992, up
15,000 in only five years!170 By 1995, the number had increased past 46,000. According to a study commissioned by
the Trade Association for Nude Recreation, involvement in nudism is currently growing by about 20% per year.171
113. The tourism industry is discovering that it is in their economic best interests to accept clothingoptional
When it became a popular vacation spot for Europeans in the mid-1980s, Miami Beach started letting
G string swimsuits on its seashores, and stopped enforcing its ordinance against topfree swimming and sunning.172
Dade County is the only county in Florida that experienced an increase of tourism in 1991, a year of deep recession.
All other counties, and Disney World, had substantial losses in tourism. 173 Nikki Grossman, director of the Ft.
Lauderdale Convention and Visitors’ Bureau, recognizes that “requests for nude or top-free beaches position among
the top five priorities of international conventioneers,” 174 and Fodor’s Travel Guide has found that “nudism” is
“tourism’s fastest growing sector.” 175 Nudism, in the United States, brings in about $120 million annually in direct
Sales alone.176
Constitutional support for Naturism. 177